NATIONAL ANTHEM
BANGLADESH

My Bengal of gold, I love you
Forever your skies,
your air set my heart in tune
as if it were a flute,
In Spring, Oh mother mine,
the fragrance from
your mango-groves makes me
wild with joy-
Ah, what a thrill!
In Autumn, Oh mother mine,
in the full-blossomed paddy fields,
I have seen spread
all over - sweet smiles!
Ah, what a beauty, what shades,
what an affection
and what a tenderness!
What a quilt have you spread
at the feet of banyan trees and
along the banks of rivers!
Oh mother mine,
words from your lips are like
Nectar to my ears!
Ah, what a thrill!
If sadness,
Oh mother mine,
casts a gloom on your face,
my eyes are filled with tears!


Original in Bangla by
Rabindranath Tagore
translated by
Professor Syed Ali Ahsan



  Quick Tour  

 
  Bangladesh - Country Overview  


OFFICIAL NAME:
The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

IN SHORT:
Bangladesh

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:
South Asia; between 200o 34 and 260o 38 north latitude, and between 880o 01 and 920o 41 east longitude; consists of flat, fertile alluvial land.

BOUNDARIES:
North: India (West Bengal & Meghalaya); West: India (West Bengal); East: India (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar; South: Bay of Bengal.

AREA:
147,570 sq km (Territorial waters - 12 nautical miles)

CAPITAL City:
Dhaka

Metropolitan Area 522 sq km

STANDARD TIME:
GMT + 6 hours

CLIMATE:
Sub-tropical monsoon Winter (December-February) Temperature: average maximum 29 C, average minimum 11 C Summer (April-June) Temperature: average maximum 32 C, average minimum 21 C

RAINFALL:
1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon season, June-August)

HUMIDITY:
Highest: 99% (July); Lowest: 36% (December-January)

VEGETATION:
Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen

POPULATION:
137 million

POPULATION GROWTH RATE:
1.42 %

ADULT LITERACY RATE:
15 years+: 65%

ETHNIC GROUPS:
Mixed group of Proto Austroloids/ Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans.

LANGUAGE:
Bangla: 95 % (English is widely spoken)

RELIGION:
Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian, Others (0.3%)

FOOD:
Rice, vegetables, pulses, fish and meat

PRINCIPAL CROPS:
Rice, wheat, jute, tea, tobacco and sugarcane

PRINCIPAL RIVERS:
Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna,Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, etc. Total of 230 rivers, including tributaries

MINERAL RESOURCES:
Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite, silica sand, white clay, radio active sand, etc.

HUMAN RESOURCES:
A substantial manpower reserve; trained and skilled engineers, technicians, physicians, economists, accountants, administrative and managerial personnel; abundance of low-cost, easily trainable and adaptable, hard-working, intelligent and youthful labour force.

FORM OF GOVERNMENT:
Parliamentary form of Government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the State.

 

CURRENCY:
Taka (Tk.) (Floating exchnage rate:
US$1 =Tk 68)

GDP:

US$61 billion (2005)

PER CAPITA GDP:
US$470 (2005)

PER CAPITA PURCHASING POWER:
US$1570 (2005)

GDP GROWTH RATE:

5.38% (2005)

SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION IN GDP:
Agriculture 21.9%
Industry 28.44%
Services 49.65%

INDUSTRIAL GROWTH RATE
(AT 1996 CONSTANT PRICE ):

8.5%

INFLATION RATE:

5.1%

INVESTMENT RATE:
23.2% of GDP

NATIONAL SAVINGS RATE:
23.7% of GDP

EXPORTS:
US$8.65 billion (2004-2005)

IMPORTS:
US$ 13.10 billion (2004-2005)

BANK RATE:
5%

PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIES:

Jute, tea, textiles, garments, paper, newsprint, fertilizer, leather and leather gods, sugar, cement, fish processing, pharmaceuticals, chemical industries, etc.

TRADITIONAL EXPORT ITEMS:
Raw jute, jute manufactures (Hessian sacking, carpet backing, carpets), jute products, tea, leather, leather products etc.

NON-TRADITIONAL EXPORT ITEMS:
Garments, frozen shrimps, other fish products, newsprint, paper, naphtha, furnace oil, urea, ceramic products etc.

MAJOR IMPORTS:
Wheat, oil, seeds, crude petroleum, raw cotton, edible oil, petroleum products, fertilizer, cement, staple fibers, yarn, iron and steel, capital goods, etc.

MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS:

USA, EU countries, India, China, Japan. Singapore, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, UAE.

AIRPORTS:
Zia International Airport, Dhaka , Chittagong International Airport, Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, Sylhet.

OTHER AIRPORTS:
Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore and Barisal.

SEA PORTS:
Chittagong and Mongla.

INLAND RIVER PORTS:
Dhaka, Chanpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhariab, Narayangonj, Sirajganj etc

EMPLOYMENT & LABOUR FORCE:
Civilian labour force: 60.3 million
Male: 37.5 million
female 22.8 million
Distribution of labour force:
Agriculture - 62.3%
Industry - 8.3%
Others - 29.40%

 

 
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Bangladesh High Commission
House no 114 , Jalan U-Thant
55000 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
Tel: +60342522652
+60342510364
+60342510893
Fax:
+60342510078 (Diplomatic Wing)
+60342510926 (Labour Wing)
+60342510569 (Defence Wing)
+60342510205 (Commercial Wing)
e-mail:bddoot@unifi.my

mission.kualalumpur@mofa.gov.bd



   

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